What is CrUX?
CrUX stands for the Chrome User Experience Report. It provides real world and real user metrics gathered from the millions of Google Chrome users who load millions of websites (include yours) each month. Of course, they all opt-in to syncing their browsing history and have usage statistic reporting enabled.
According to Google, its goal is ‘capture the full range of external factors that shape and contribute to the final user experience’.
In this post, I will walk you through how to use it to get insights of your site’s performance.
Why we need CrUX?
We all know faster site results in a better user experience and a better customer loyalty, compared to the sites of competitors. It results in the revenue increasing. Google confirmed some details about how they understand the speed. They are available in CrUX.
What are CrUX metrics?
- FP(First Paint): when everything loads on the page
- FCP(First Content loaded): when some text or an image loaded
- DCL(DOM content loaded): when DOM is loaded
- ONLOAD: when any additional scripts have loaded
- FID(First Input Delay): the time between when a user interacts with your site to when the server actually responds to that
How to generate the CrUX report on PageSpeed Insights?
PageSpeed Insights is a tool for people to understand what a page’s performance is and how to improve it.
It uses the lighthouse to audit the given page and identify opportunities to improve performance. It also integrates with the CrUX to show how real users experience performance on the page.
Take Yahoo as the example, after a few seconds, lighthouse audits will be performed and we will see sections for field and lab data.
In the field data section, we can see FCP and FID (please see the table below as we can see the FCP and FID values).
We can see the Yahoo site is in ‘average’ according to the table. To achieve the ‘fast’, both FCP and FID must be categorized as fast.
Also, a percentile can be shown in each metric. For FCP, the 75th percentile is used and for FID, it is the 95th. For example, 75% of FCP experiences on the page are 1.5s or less.
How to use it in BigQuery?
In BigQuery, we can also extract insights about UX on our site.
SELECT origin, form_factor.name AS device, effective_connection_type.name AS conn, ROUND(SUM(onload.density),4) as density FROM `chrome-ux-report.all.201907`, UNNEST (onload.histogram.bin) as onload WHERE origin IN ("https://www.yahoo.com") GROUP BY origin, device, conn
Then we can see the result in BigQuery.
The raw data is organized like a histogram, with bins have a start time, end time and density value. For example, we can query for the percent of ‘fast’ FCP experiences, where ‘fast’ is defined as happening under a second.
We can compare Yahoo with bing. Here is how the query look:
SELECT origin, SUM(fcp.density) AS fast_fcp FROM `chrome-ux-report.all.201907`, UNNEST (first_contentful_paint.histogram.bin) AS fcp WHERE fcp.start<1000 AND origin IN ('https://www.bing.com', 'https://www.yahoo.com') GROUP BY origin
This post explored some methods to get site insights with CrUX report. In the future, I will write more about CrUX.
If you are interested in or have any problems with CrUX, feel free to contact me.
Or you can connect with me through my LinkedIn.